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The Beauty Of Melnik And Melnik Pyramids – One Of Favourite Places in Bulgaria

The Beauty Of Melnik. “What could we write about Melnik, besides the food and wine – everyone is coming here mostly to eat and drink”
You can see many wonderful places besides places to eat and drink. Melnik might be a tiny town but with incredible history and interesting places. Well, we will of course tell you where to drink really good Melnik wine.

Melnik, the tiniest town in Bulgaria - Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Melnik, the tiniest town in Bulgaria – Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

The smallest town in Bulgaria

This is the most common description you will find about Melnik. Melnik is far from these places but has always attracted me with its beauty and rich history.

Melnik is a special place. It has long and interesting history but would not reveal it to anyone. Today it has 325 official inhabitants and no one would suggest that only a century ago more than 10 000 people lived here. Well, in 1912 the town was inhabited mostly by Greeks and there were over 1000 houses. However, after it was included into Bulgaria’s territory, most of them moved to Greece.

Beautiful town of Melnik - Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Beautiful town of Melnik – Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

In the Middle Ages it was a border town between Bulgarian and the Byzantine empire. It was a big city on the main road to Thessaloniki. It was a place where the Byzantine emperors used to send in exile some aristocrats they were not happy with. This is why Melnik developed mostly in Byzantine style. Even now you can see ruins of Byzantine buildings around the town.

The Ottoman times and some notable places from this period

The ruins around the town tell the most of the history of this town. Upon entrance in the town, you will notice beautiful houses with architecture typical for the Ottoman period. We would call this Bulgarian Revival architecture but if you are from Turkey, you would probably disagree. In the centre of the town is still standing the Turkish konak (b. 1821). Here were the headquarters of the Ottoman rule during Ottoman times. After 1912 it became a government building and later school and school boarding house. The building very well recalls the Ottoman period of the town.

Kordopulova house - Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Kordopulova house – Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

The amazing Kordopulova house

However, the most important building in the town in not any of the old houses turned into hotels and restaurants. It is indeed the Kordopulova house, located in the suburbs, at the highest place in town. It dates back to 1754 and was once the house of local rich man Kordopulos. His occupations were trade and wine production and he was among the most noble people in town.

Interior of Kordopulova house - Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Interior of Kordopulova house – Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Bedroom at Kordopulova house - Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Bedroom at Kordopulova house – Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The amazing and colourful furniture at Kordopulova house. Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The amazing and colourful furniture at Kordopulova house
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

It is a lavish house with winter and summer gardens. Beautiful and spacious rooms with decorated windows. Even more attractive is the wine cellar which consists of several tunnels dug into the sandstone rocks. During your visit in Kordopulova house you will also have the chance to taste their home-made wine. However, I would advise you to go to another place id you are wondering where to taste good wine.

Wine cellar at Kordopulova house.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Wine cellar at Kordopulova house.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Byzantine times in Melnik or what is left from them

Τhe ruins of the Boyar house. It is one of the oldest surviving buildings on the Balkan peninsula, though only partly preserved. It dates back to the 13th century when it was a part of the residence of Despot Alexius Slav. The buildings featured mosaic floors, frescoes, lavish furniture and other luxuries. Through centuries it was reconstructed and upgraded multiple times and at one time it even had a clock tower.

The ruins of the Boyar house, one of the oldest buildings on the Balkan peninsula.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The ruins of the Boyar house, one of the oldest buildings on the Balkan peninsula.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Despot Alexius Slav was a member of Asen dynasty of Bulgarian rulers. He ruled his own despotate between 1207 and 1230 and was a nephew of kings Asen, Peter and Kaloyan. Alexius Slav was married to Isabel, daughter of Latin Emperor Henry of Flanders. The first capital of its despotate was Tsepina fortress, near Velingrad, Bulgaria. But later he moved it to Melnik.

The Boyar House in Melnik, Bulgaria, dating back to the 13th century.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The Boyar House in Melnik, Bulgaria, dating back to the 13th century.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Saint Nicholas plateau

Melnik is a noisy place during weekends, especially in the spring. But early in the morning it is quiet and deserted. Just against Bulgari hotel (where the Museum of wine is) starts the trail leading to Saint Nicholas plateau. It is a steep but not difficult path that will take you in 20 minutes to the beautiful plateau above the town. Up there you can find various historical treasures. One of them is Saint Nicholas church from 12th century, which is now in ruins after a fire in 1913. After it, you will reach the ruins of Despot Alexius Slav’s fortress.

A path at Saint Nicholas plateau.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
A path at Saint Nicholas plateau.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Monasteries and churches at Saint Nicholas plateau

On the plateau one there were two monasteries – Monastery of the St Mother of God Spileotissa or “St Zona” and “St Haralampius”. Both are now in ruins.

One of the favourite places in the area are the ruins of the Monastery of the St Mother of God Spileotissa or “St Zona”. Nowadays only a small chapel is standing here. But from here you can enjoy one of the best views in the region. That early morning I was standing on the edge, watching the view and listening to birds and bees. Well, at one point I heard a noise in the bushes that scared me a bit so I decided to go back to the hotel and have a breakfast.

View of Melnik from above.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
View of Melnik from above.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Views from Saint Nicholas plateau to Melnik pyramids.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Views from Saint Nicholas plateau to Melnik pyramids.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Melnik pyramids and Rozhen monastery

The stunning Melnik pyramids are probably the most charming thing in the area. The sandstone rocks are beautifully shaped by mother nature – a beauty that leaves no one indifferent. The red peaks are everywhere around. If you want to enjoy them to the maximum, there is a trail from Melnik to the Rozhen monastery, taking about 3 hours.

Melnik pyramids.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Melnik pyramids.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Melnik pyramids early in the morning.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Melnik pyramids early in the morning.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

The Rozhen monastery is one of the best preserved monasteries in Bulgaria and the largest in Pirin mountains area. You will never seen monks there but there are always many tourists. The air is amazingly clear and nights are quiet and peaceful. There are several cosy hotels in the village with good prices.

Melnik – a food and wine paradise

In the Middle ages the area of Melnik was known for its wine production and its endless vineyards. Wine from here was exported all around Europe. even to England. Melnik wine is still famous nowadays and the small town is a very popular food and wine destination for Bulgarians and Greeks. There are plenty of restaurants and hotels in Melnik, offering delicious Bulgarian meals. We love eating here.

The beauiful vineyards of Villa Melnik wine cellar.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The beauiful vineyards of Villa Melnik wine cellar.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Where to drink good Melnik wine

Almost everyone in Melnik has a vineyards and makes wine. When you enter the town you will immediately meet some of the local winemakers. Many of them are just on the street, offering “love wine” and whatever else. However, we are not fans of homemade wine and would love to take you somewhere else to try really good Melnik wine. In the region there are many boutique wineries making amazing wines. Closest to Melnik is Villa Melnik wine cellar, somewhere between the villages Vinogradi and Harsovo. There is a sign for the winery on the road to Melnik and I strongly advise you to follow it. The owners of Villa Melnik are wonderful people and you will love to visit them. Moreover, the view from the winery to the vineyards is stunning and can be mistaken for a Tuscany in Italy. The wines are even better.

Villa Melnik wine cellar and its beautiful vineyards.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
Villa Melnik wine cellar and its beautiful vineyards.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

This warm and sunny end of Bulgaria hides wonderful places where you can find really good wine. The next winery is near Kapatovo village – Zlaten Rozhen. They have very nice tasting room where you can try and buy your favourite wine. If you are not willing to drive to Kapatovo, you can also try the wine in their hotel – Zlaten Rozhen hotel in Rozhen village, just below Rozhen monastery. In this area there are wineries all around.

The barrels in Zlaten Rozhen become more and more.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The barrels in Zlaten Rozhen become more and more.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

Another winery worth to visit is Rupel Winery in Dolno Spanchevo village. They will also fascinate you with their wines and view to the vineyards. Visit not only the winery but also the chateau on the hill a few hundred metres above the winery to enjoy the best views. There are many wineries in the region.

The vineyards of Rupel Winery in Bulgaria, Struma valley.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev
The vineyards of Rupel Winery in Bulgaria, Struma valley.
Image copyright: Andrey Andreev

How to reach Melnik

How to reach Melnik by car

This is actually not very easy because public transport options are limited. The best and most common way is by car. So it is a wise idea to rent a car if you are determined to explore this part of Bulgaria. Melnik is located 151 km north from Thessaloniki and the drive takes about 2 hours.

By shuttle or guided tour

This is probably the best and easiest option to reach and explore Melnik. Hello Thessaloniki offering Private Day Guided tour to Rila Monastery and Melnik. It is a combined tour to Rila Monastery and Melnik and is a great opportunity to visit some of the most notable places in Bulgaria that are hard to reach by public transport. It will be a long but rewarding journey to see the wonderful monastery and then walk along the cute cobblestone streets of Melnik.

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